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Impact to claims by COVID-19 or Bushfires 2019-20

We're aware that COVID-19 and the recent bushfires may have affected your economic circumstances. If so, we don't want your R&D Tax Incentive claims to concern you.

We'll be accepting registration applications for the 1 July 2018 to 30 June 2019 income year until 30 September 2020. You’re not required to request an extension of time during this period.

If you're unable to lodge your application by 30 September 2020, you may request an extension of time.

Provisional applications to request Advance and Overseas Findings closed on 30 June 2020. It is expected that all provisional applicants will provide the further information required to assess their application by 30 September 2020. More information is available from our Special eBulletin

When you lodge your R&D Schedule with the Australian Taxation Office, you'll still need to provide your R&D Tax Incentive registration receipt. And should you wish to claim expenditure associated with an overseas activity you must be issued with a Positive Finding prior to lodging.

For more information on the support available visit our Bushfire support page or our Coronavirus (COVID-19) information and support for business section.

If you have any questions, call 13 28 46 or Email us.

Research and Development Tax Incentive

The Research and Development Tax Incentive (R&D Tax Incentive or R&DTI) helps to offset some of the costs you put into eligible R&D, which benefits the wider Australian economy.

Application detail:

You can apply to register your eligible R&D with the Department of Industry, Innovation & Science within 10 months of the end of your company’s income year. You may then receive a tax offset when you lodge your Company Income Tax Return with the Australian Taxation Office.

What do you get?

You may be eligible for a tax benefit to offset some of the cost of your eligible R&D activities. This may be a refundable or non-refundable offset depending on your company.

Who is this for?

Your company needs to be incorporated, pay tax in Australia, and conduct at least one eligible core R&D activity, and incur the minimum eligible expenditure.


The R&D Tax Incentive is a self-assessment program.

When you self-assess your R&D activities against the eligibility requirements, you need to judge whether your activities meet the legislated criteria. The legislation which you are to self-assess against is the Industry Research and Development Act 1986, and the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

You need to ensure your application for registration and you claim for the R&D Tax Incentive are correct.

You must provide accurate information to the Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources (the department) and to the Australian Tax Office (ATO).

The department (on behalf of Innovation and Science Australia) jointly manages the R&D Tax Incentive with the Australian Taxation Office (ATO). The department manages the registration of R&D activities, and the ATO manages the rules on eligible entities and costs.

Consulting an R&D tax adviser or tax agent to prepare your application for registration and tax offset claim does not guarantee your eligibility.

We may review the activities included in your R&D Tax Incentive claims to ensure they comply with the law during or after your registration. The ATO may also check if the R&D costs you claim are eligible.


What are the eligibility criteria?

To be eligible for the R&D Tax Incentive you must:

  • be a company that is liable to pay income tax in Australia
  • conduct at least one activity that meets the definition of a core R&D activity
  • have eligible R&D expenditure greater than $20,000

You may claim for certain R&D conducted overseas under some circumstances, however you must have an Advanced and Overseas Finding to claim overseas costs.

Eligible R&D activities are 'core R&D activities' and 'supporting R&D activities'. To register, you must have at least one core R&D activity. Supporting R&D activities are optional. The below definitions are extracts from section 355 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

Eligibility review

The department may conduct checks that registered activities comply with the law after you have registered. Similarly, the ATO may check if the R&D costs being claimed are eligible after registration.

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How do you apply?

To claim the R&D tax offset in your annual income tax return, you must first register your R&D activities under the R&D Tax Incentive. You must register separately for each income year you wish to claim.

Download a new version of the application form each time you apply. The latest form may have new fields. You can pre-fill the form with data from your last application.

Apply for the R&D Tax Incentive now

Use the application form to apply for registration of your R&D activities for the R&D Tax Incentive.

  • Register for the year you want to claim the offset.
  • Within 10 months of your company's income year.
  • Before you lodge your company income tax return.
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Advance and Overseas Findings

You can ask us to make an Advance or Overseas Finding as to whether your activities are eligible R&D activities. If you do not have a positive Overseas Finding, you can’t claim overseas expenditure.

Advance and overseas findings are designed to provide certainty to you about the eligibility of your activities under the R&DTI. They provide a binding determination issued by us as to whether your activities are eligible to be claimed under the program. You will still need to apply to register your R&D activities after an receiving an Advanced or Overseas Finding.

COVID-19 and Advance and Overseas Findings

Due to COVID-19 we understand you may not be able to complete your application for an Advance or Overseas Finding (1 July 2019 to 30 June 2020 income year) by 30 June 2020.

We are now accepting provisional applications, on the basis you'll complete the rest of the application by 30 September 2020. You must still submit your provisional application through the existing Smart-Form by 30 June 2020.

A provisional application allows a company to submit a form with minimal details relating to the claimed R&D activities. Applicants must complete all other mandatory fields in the Smart-form.

Once you've submitted a provisional application, you'll receive an email and instructions to a new secure, customised link to your form. You should then use this link to complete and submit your final application by 30 September 2020. The department on behalf of Innovation and Science Australia, will assess the applications on a case by case basis. We can't assess incomplete applications.

It is important to note that a provisional Advance or Overseas Finding alone is not sufficient to claim overseas R&D expenditure in your company tax return. Following receipt of the completed Advance or Overseas Finding application details by 30 September 2020, Innovation and Science Australia (ISA) must still issue your company with a positive Advance or Overseas Finding in order for you to be entitled to claim overseas R&D expenditure in your company tax return for the 1 July 2019 – 30 June 2020 income year.

Companies can continue to submit complete Advance or Overseas Finding applications before 30 June 2020 for an earlier assessment.

You can get further information from our Advance Overseas Findings application notes.

If you have any questions, you can contact us or call us on 13 28 46.

Important Note: There is no provision under the governing legislation for Advance and Overseas Findings to accept applications for the 1 July 2019 to 30 June 2020 income year after 30 June 2020.

For more information on this, please view our Special eBulletin.

External service provider for findings

In May 2018 the Australian Government announced a range of measures to support business's understanding of the Research and Development Tax Incentive and to enhance program administration. As a result of this, The department has engaged Bellchambers Barrett Consulting Pty Ltd, a professional services firm comprising of management consultants, audit and tax specialists, to assist with assessment of Advance and Overseas findings in the first instance.

From March 2020 onwards, Advance and Overseas finding applications may be assessed by Bellchambers Barrett Consulting Pty Ltd. Should this be the case, the Department will make contact with you in the first instance. The important thing to note is that all decision making will be retained by the department.

For any questions, please email us at

Advance/Overseas Finding Application Form

A positive Advance/Overseas Finding gives you assurance that your registered R&D activities will be eligible for claiming under the R&DTI.

It is also a mandatory that you first obtain an Advance/Overseas Finding for any offshore activities that you will be registering for the R&DTI.

For more information read Key documents: Findings.

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Getting it right

Your R&D Tax Incentive Journey

The Integrity Framework user journey

The Integrity Framework takes into account integrity risk and behavioural factors that influence program participants.

Diagram showing steps of a typical journey of a R&D TI applicant.  There are three main route. Those who are categorised as Getting it right. Those categorises as trying to get it right. And categorised as high risk and do not comply.

Not all situations have been covered in this user journey. There may be other options available, depending on your particular circumstances. AusIndustry works with the Australian Taxation Office on the joint administration of the program, including on compliance activities.

The above User Journey guides you through the steps along your journey and possible interventions you may experience, including if should you be selected for integrity management activities. For more detail on the steps in user journey, view the Steps in the user journey.

Registration does not mean eligibility. We will work with you through a fair, easily understood and transparent process, and ensure regular interactions with you as you navigate your application.

For more information on the user journey, our Service Commitment and Integrity Framework, please view Navigating the R&D Tax Incentive.

Records we expect you to keep

When you apply to register for the R&D Tax Incentive, we expect you to keep records that show your activities meet the eligibility criteria as defined in the law.

We expect that you will keep records at the time you carry out your R&D activities (known as contemporaneous records). These records help you self-assess your eligibility, save you time, and reduce the risk of not being able to prove that your activities are eligible.

You may later make further notes to support your original records. For us, documents created after activities are carried out are generally inadequate on their own.

Compliance readiness guide on record keeping for the R&D Tax Incentive

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What is scientific research?

The Australian Government’s R&D Tax Incentive encourages businesses of all sizes, to generate new knowledge through research and development (R&D). The program offers a generous tax offset for companies investing their time and effort in conducting eligible R&D.

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What is a hypothesis and an experiment?

To apply for the R&D Tax Incentive you need to conduct research in a scientific way. The program offers a generous tax offset for companies investing their time and effort in conducting eligible R&D.

Examination of registrations

You are responsible for making sure you meet the eligibility criteria for the program. While it is a requirement to register your R&D activities with the Department each year, receiving a registration number does not mean that your R&D activities are eligible under the Incentive. A business can still be contacted by the Department for education, guidance or compliance engagement.

Your registration (or registrations) may be examined to see if they comply with the eligibility requirements of the program. If your registration is examined, you will be asked to provide records to prove the eligibility of registered activities.

If your registration is examined, you will have 30 days to provide evidence. A further period of up to 14 days may be granted on request in accordance with the Decision-making Principles. 

The examination of your registration may lead to a Finding about the eligibility of all or some of your registered activities. You may need to amend your tax return if any of your registered activities are found to be ineligible.

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Help to get it right

We are committed to supporting innovative Australian businesses. We are here to support you to understand how to apply for and comply with the R&D Tax Incentive program.

If you are currently under review or examination, please contact your case manager. Their details are on the letters we have sent to you or your advisor.

Need help?

  • Contact us for help with your application or to find out more.

  • Monday – Friday, 8am – 8pm across Australia

Customer stories

Learn about some of our previous customers and how an R&D Tax Incentive has helped them.

Find out when our informative events are happening in your area.

Get the latest program news and updates

Key documents

Guide to interpretation

Compliance readiness guide on record keeping for the R&D Tax Incentive

Key documents: Eligibility

How should companies group R&D activities

R&D Tax Incentive at a glance

When could scaling-up involve eligible R&D activities

Key documents: Fast facts

100 million dollar threshold registration administrative arrangements

Fact sheet for accountants

Fact sheet on Eligibility of Activities

R&D Tax: what does it offer

Record-keeping and R&D planning

Registration information sheet

Simplified worked examples

R&D Tax Incentive: application notes

Key documents: Findings

Guide to findings

Advance/overseas finding application notes

Overseas findings - How long does an overseas finding last

What does 'not available in Australia' mean